Summa Contra the Francis-Apologists

February 10, 2021 (Steven O’Reilly) – Over the course of the history of this blog we have compiled various “Summas” of our articles as a resource for our readers.  The most popular ones to date have been the Summa Contra Stephen Walford, Summa Contra the BiP Theory (Why Benedict XVI is NOT the pope), and the The Summa Contra Dr. Mazza.

Below, we have compiled our responses over the last few years to those we consider the “Francis-Apologists” or “Frapologists,”  i.e., those who seem to defend Francis regardless of what he says.  We will update this list when necessary.

Scott Eric Alt:

  1. Alt right vs. Alt wrong…which Alt is Alt? (August 25, 2019)
  2. Why the Case of Pope Honorius Matters, Mr. Alt (July 31, 2017)
  3. To Be or Not to Be a “Correctionist”(April 7, 2017)

Dave Armstrong:

  1. The Confusion of the Francis-Apologists (July 22, 2019)
  2. A Response to Dave Armstrong (January 28, 2021)
  3. On a Correct Understanding of Amoris Laetitia: Which is it? (Part I) (February 4, 2021)
  4. On a Correct Understanding of Amoris Laetitia: Which is it? (Part II) (February 4, 2021)

Pedro Gabriel:  On the Doctrine of Mitigating Circumstances (August 13, 2019)

Mike Lewis:

  1. The Confusion of the Francis-Apologists (July 22, 2019)
  2. The “Prevailing Interpretation” will not Prevail (December 13, 2020)
  3. What can we offer the world? ‘Not much’ according to Mr. Lewis (June 9, 2021)

Mark Shea:

  1. The Confusion of the Francis-Apologists  (July 22, 2019)
  2. Mark Shea – aka he who exudes the “Odor of Sanctimony” – and other apologetic hacks (July 19, 2019)

Vatican Insider:  Confusion at Vatican Insider? (March 1, 2019)

Stephen Walford – One can refer to the Summa Contra Stephen Walford, or one can refer to the individual articles below:

  1. Pope Francis’ Predecessors come to the Defense of his Magisterium? Well–Yes and No, Mr. Walford  (February 19, 2017)
  2. Honorius Redivivus – Addendum  (February 23, 2017)
  3. Answering Mr. Walford’s Questions on Amoris Laetitia – Really (March 28, 2017)
  4. Responding to Mr. Walford: Been there, done that (several times, Mr. Ivereigh) (June 23, 2017)
  5. Mr. Walford Pelts the Great Wall of China with Popcorn, Again  (June 29, 2017)
  6. Mr. Walford’s “Ode to Francis” (September 15, 2017)
  7. Of infallible popes and the (chronically) fallible Mr. Walford (September 30, 2017)
  8. A simple question for Mr. Walford regarding the “adherence of the faithful”? (October 13, 2017)
  9. Amoris Laetitia and the Confusion of those contradicting the Magisterium of John Paul II (November 9, 2017)
  10. A question Mr. Walford will never answer about dissent (April 26, 2018)
  11. Walford waffles, again, on exceptionless norms (July 24, 2018)
  12. Stephen Walford repeats his error regarding a “sacramental discipline”(August 17, 2018)
  13.  The Interview Questions Stephen Walford will not Answer  (August 18, 2018)
  14. Heaven Forfend: Pope Francis answers neither the Dubia nor Stephen Walford!(August 21, 2018)
  15. The Errors of Mr. Walford’s ‘Pope Francis, The Family and Divorce’ (October 8, 2018)
  16. Part II: The Development of Mr. Walford’s Errors (October 19, 2018)
  17. Part III: Mr. Walford and the Magisterium (November 13, 2018)
  18. What You Gotta Believe…if you believe Mr. Walford (November 30, 2018)
  19. Pope Francis, the Open Letter and the Pesky Preface (May 5, 2019)
  20. On a Correct Understanding of Amoris Laetitia: Which is it? (Part I) (February 4, 2021)
  21. On a Correct Understanding of Amoris Laetitia: Which is it? (Part II) (February 4, 2021)

Steven O’Reilly is a graduate of the University of Dallas and the Georgia Institute of Technology. A former intelligence officer, he and his wife, Margaret, live near Atlanta with their family. He has written apologetic articles and is author of Book I of the Pia Fidelis trilogy, The Two Kingdoms. (Follow on twitter at @fidelispia for updates). He asks for your prayers for his intentions.  He can be contacted at  or (or follow on Twitter: @S_OReilly_USA or on Parler: @StevenOReilly).

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